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Southern Environmental Center

Birds of the Ecoscape

Compiled by the Wildlife Biology Class (BI 201)
Supervisor Dr. D. Holliman

The following 111 species have been recorded as occuring within the boundaries of the EcoScape. Historical records for these birds dating from 1950 indicate that the EcoScape provides valuable habitat for these birds. The upland habitat has essentially remained unchanged for the last 50 years. This list has ben assembled by the Wildlife Biology Class of 2000. Hopefully, this class project will generate interest in this natural area that should be left unchanged for other Birmingham-Southern College students to study and enjoy. The photographs were made by Fairly Chandler. He was a nature photographer and graduated from Birmingham-Southern College in 1937.

The following birds can be expected to be distributed in the proper habitat and season as indicated.

Season

 

S - Spring

March- May

Su - Summer

June - August

F - Fall

September - November

W - Winter

December - February

Distribution

Abundant (AB) -- Generally distributed in substantial numbers.
Common (C) -- Generally distributed, but not always seen in substantial numbers.
Fairly Common (FC) -- Not always seen, but expected.
Uncommon (U) -- Seldom seen, but expected.
Rare (R) -- Not out of normal range, but but seldom seen, unexpected.
Casual (CS) -- Extremely infrequent, out of normal range.
Accidental (A) -- Far out of normal range, unlikely to be seen again
Extirpated (XP) -- No longer occurs in Alabama, but still occurs elsewhere.
Extinct (XT) -- No longer occurs anywhere.
Introduced (I) -- Released into the wild by man, not native.

* Indicates species with nests in the EcoScape

S

SU

F

W

HERONS, BITTERNS, EGRETS, ALLIES        

Yellow-crowned Night Heron *

U

     
VULTURES, HAWKS, FALCONS        
Black Vulture U U U U
Turkey Vulture U U U U
Sharp-shinned Hawk       R
Cooper's Hawk * R R R R
Red-tailed Hawk U U U U
Red-shouldered Hawk U U U U
Broad-winged Hawk

U

U U  
RAILS, GALLINULES, COOTS        
American Coot     R  
SHOREBIRDS AND ALLIES        
Killdeer * C C C C
PIGEONS AND DOVES        
Rock Dove C C C C
Mourning Dove * AB AB AB AB
CUCKOOS        
Yellow-billed cuckoo U U U  
OWLS        
Screech Owl FC FC FC FC
Barred Owl C C C C
GOAT SUCKERS        
Chuck-wills-widow U U U  
Whip-poor-will U   U  
Common Nighthawk * C C    
SWIFTS AND HUMMINGBIRDS        
Chimney Swift C C FC  
Ruby-throated hummingbird C C C  
WOODPECKERS        
Common flicker U U U U
Pileated woodpecker U U U U
Red-bellied woodpecker * C C C C
Red-headed woodpecker * U U U U
Yellow-bellied sapsucker        
Hairy woodpecker U U U U
Downy woodpecker * C C C C
FLYCATCHERS        
Eastern Kingbird U U    
Great crested flycatcher * C C C  
Eastern Phoebe C C C C
Yellow-bellied flycatcher U   U  
Least Flycatcher R   R  
Eastern Wood Pewee U U U  
JAYS AND CROWS        
Blue Jay * AB AB AB AB
American Crow * U U U U
CHICKADEES, TITMICE, NUTHATCHES, CREEPERS        
Carolina Chickadee * AB AB AB AB
Tufted Titmouse * AB AB AB AB
White-breasted Nuthatch * AB AB AB AB
Red-breasted Nuthatch       R
Brown Creeper     U U
WRENS        
Winter Wren       FC
Carolina Wren * AB AB AB AB
MIMICS        
Mockingbird * AB AB AB AB
Gray Catbird * C C C  
Brown Thrasher * AB AB AB AB
THRUSHES        
American Robin * AB AB AB AB
Wood Thrush * U U U  
Hermit Thrush     U U
Swainson's Thrush U   U  
Gray-cheeked Thrush U   U  
Veery U   U  
GNATCHERS AND KINGLETS        
Blue-gray Gnatcher * C C C R
Golden-crowned Kinglet     C C
Ruby-crowned Kinglet C   C C
WAXWINGS, SHRIKES, STARLINGS        
Cedar Waxwing * AB R AB C
Starling * AB AB AB AB
VIREOS        
White-eyed Vireo * C C C  
Yellow-throated Vireo * FC C    
Solitary Vireo R   R R
Red-eyed Vireo * C AB C  
WARBLERS        
Black-and-white Warbler C C C  
Swainson's Warbler R R R  
Worm-eating Warbler * R R R  
Blue-winged Warbler U U U  
Golden-winged Warbler   U U  
Tennessee Warbler C   C  
Orange-crowned Warbler U   U U
Nashville Warbler     U  
Magnolia Warbler U U    
Cape May Warbler U      
Black-throated Blue Warbler R   R  
Yellow-rumped Warbler C   C AB
Black-throated Green Warbler R   R  
Yellow-throated Warbler * U U    
Chestnut-sided Warbler R   R  
Bay-breasted Warbler U   U  
Blackpoll Warbler U      
Pine Warbler * AB AB AB AB
Prarie Warbler U   U  
Ovenbird U U U  
Northern Waterthrush U   U  
Kentucky Warbler R R R  
Connecticut Warbler     R  
Mourning Warbler R   R  
Common Yellowthroat C C C  
Yellow-breasted Chat * C C C  
Wilson's Warbler R   R  
Canada Warbler U U U  
American Redstart * U U U  
HOUSE SPARROW        
House Sparrow * AB AB AB AB
BLACKBIRDS AND ORIOLES        
Red-winged Blackbird * C C C C
Orchard Oriole * U U U  
Common Grackle * AB AB AB AB
Brown-headed Cowbird * AB AB AB AB
TANAGERS        
Scarlet Tanager C   C  
Summer Tanager C C C  
FINCHES        
Northern Cardinal * AB AB AB AB
Rose-breasted Grosbeak FC   FC  
Blue Grosbeak U   U  
Indigo Bunting * AB C C  
Evening Grosbeak       R
Purple Finch       FC
House Finch * AB AB AB AB
Pine Siskin       FC
American Goldfinch * AB FC FC AB
Eastern Towhee * C C C C
Savannah Sparrow     U U
Dark-eyed Junco     AB AB
Chipping Sparrow * C C C C
White-throated Sparrow AB   AB AB
Fox Sparrow       R
Song Sparrow     AB AB
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